AskDefine | Define grave

Dictionary Definition

grave adj
1 dignified and somber in manner or character and committed to keeping promises; "a grave God-fearing man"; "a quiet sedate nature"; "as sober as a judge"; "a solemn promise"; "the judge was solemn as he pronounced sentence" [syn: sedate, sober, solemn]
2 causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm; "a dangerous operation"; "a grave situation"; "a grave illness"; "grievous bodily harm"; "a serious wound"; "a serious turn of events"; "a severe case of pneumonia"; "a life-threatening disease" [syn: dangerous, grievous, serious, severe, life-threatening]
3 of great gravity or crucial import; requiring serious thought; "grave responsibilities"; "faced a grave decision in a time of crisis"; "a grievous fault"; "heavy matters of state"; "the weighty matters to be discussed at the peace conference" [syn: grievous, heavy, weighty]

Noun

1 death of a person; "he went to his grave without forgiving me"; "from cradle to grave"
2 a place for the burial of a corpse (especially beneath the ground and marked by a tombstone); "he put flowers on his mother's grave" [syn: tomb]
3 a mark (`) placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation [syn: grave accent]

Verb

1 shape (a material like stone or wood) by whittling away at it; "She is sculpting the block of marble into an image of her husband" [syn: sculpt, sculpture]
2 carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface; "engrave a pen"; "engraved the winner's name onto the trophy cup" [syn: engrave, inscribe] [also: graven]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • , /ɡreɪv/, /greIv/
  • Rhymes with: -eɪv

Etymology 1

Ultimately from gravis

Adjective

  1. Of great weight; heavy; ponderous.
    His shield grave and great. —Chapman.
  2. Of importance; momentous; weighty; influential; sedate; serious; said of character, relations, etc.; as, grave deportment, character, influence, etc.
    Most potent, grave, and reverend seigniors. —Shakespeare.
    A grave and prudent law, full of moral equity. —Milton.
  3. Not light or gay; solemn; sober; plain; as, a grave color; a grave face.
  4. Not acute or sharp; low; deep; -- said of sound; as, a grave note or key.
    The thicker the cord or string, the more grave is the note or tone. —Moore (Encyc. of Music).
  5. Slow and solemn in movement.
. (pronunciation) See the Note under Accent, n., 2.
Usage notes
, , , Sober supposes the absence of all exhilaration of spirits, and is opposed to gay or flighty; as, sober thought. Serious implies considerateness or reflection, and is opposed to jocose or sportive; as, serious and important concerns. Grave denotes a state of mind, appearance, etc., which results from the pressure of weighty interests, and is opposed to hilarity of feeling or vivacity of manner; as, a grave remark; grave attire. Solemn is applied to a case in which gravity is carried to its highest point; as, a solemn admonition; a solemn promise.

Noun

  1. An accent used in French, Italian and other languages. è is an e with a grave accent.
Translations
ponderous

Etymology 2

grafan

Verb

  1. To dig. (Obs.) Chaucer.
    He hath graven and digged up a pit. —Ps. VII 16 (Book of Prayer).
  2. To carve or cut, as letters or figures, on some hard substance; to engrave.
    Thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel. —Ex. XXVIII.,9.
    This be the verse you grave for me / “Here he lies where he longs to be” — Stevenson, Requiem
  3. To carve out or give shape to, by cutting with a chisel; to sculpture; as, to grave an image.
    With gold men may the hearte grave. —Chaucer.
  4. To impress deeply (on the mind); to fix indelibly.
    O! may they graven in thy heart remain. —Prior.
  5. To entomb; to bury. (Obs.) —Chaucer.
    Lie full low, graved in the hollow ground. —Shakespeare.
  6. In the context of "transitive|nautical": To clean, as a vessel's bottom, of barnacles, grass, etc., and pay it over with pitch — so called because graves or greaves was formerly used for this purpose.
  7. To write or delineate on hard substances, by means of incised lines; to practice engraving.

Etymology 3

græf

Noun

  1. An excavation in the earth as a place of burial; also, any place of interment; a tomb; a sepulcher. Hence: Death; destruction.
    He had lain in the grave four days. —John XI.,17.
Translations
excavation for burial
  • Afrikaans: graf
  • Albanian: varr
  • Catalan: sepulcre
  • Croatian: grob
  • Czech: hrob
  • Danish: grav (burial = begravelse)
  • Esperanto: tombo
  • Estonian: haud
  • Finnish: hauta
  • German: Grab
  • Greek: τάφος
  • Hungarian: sír
  • Italian: fossa
  • Kurdish: قه‌بر, گۆڕ
  • Scottish Gaelic: uaigh
  • Spanish: tumba

Danish

Etymology

Old Norse grafa

Verb

grave
  1. To dig

Esperanto

French

Etymology

Latin gravis

Pronunciation

Adjective

fr-noun s

Verb form

grave
  1. first-, third-person singular indicative present of graver
  2. second-person singular imperative of graver
  3. first-, third-person singular subjunctive present of graver

Italian

Etymology

Latin gravis

Adjective

  1. Grave, serious
  2. heavy
  3. solemn

Antonyms

Spanish

Etymology

Latin gravis

Adjective

  1. serious, grave
  2. low (sound)
  3. solemn

Related terms

Verb form

grave
  1. first-, third-person singular subjunctive present of gravar
  2. third-person singular imperative of gravar

Extensive Definition

Grave might also refer to:
grave in Danish: Grave
grave in French: Grave
grave in Italian: Grave
grave in Japanese: グラーヴ
grave in Polish: Grave
grave in Russian: Могила (значения)
grave in Swedish: Grave

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abject, abominable, acute, afflictive, agonizing, annihilation, arch, aristocratic, arrant, assemble, atrocious, august, autolithograph, awe-inspiring, awful, bane, baritone, barrow, base, bass, be a printmaker, beehive tomb, beggarly, biological death, biting, black, blackish, bleak, bone house, book, boundary stone, box grave, brass, burial, burial chamber, burial mound, bust, cairn, calendar, carve, cast, catacomb, catacombs, catalog, cenotaph, cessation of life, chalk, chalk up, character, charnel house, chase, check in, cheesy, chisel, chronicle, cist, cist grave, clinical death, column, comprehensive, consequential, considerable, contemptible, contralto, courtly, cramping, crease, cribble, critical, cromlech, cross, crosshatch, crossing the bar, crucial, cruel, crummy, crypt, cup, curtains, cut, cyclolith, dangerous, dark, dark-colored, darkish, darksome, deadly, death, death knell, debased, debt of nature, decease, decorous, deep, deep six, deep-echoing, deep-pitched, deep-toned, deepmouthed, degraded, demise, demure, departure, depraved, despicable, destructive, dignified, dire, dirty, disgusting, dismal, dissolution, distressing, docket, dokhma, dolmen, doom, dour, dreadful, drear, drearisome, dreary, drive, dusk, dusky, dying, earnest, ebb of life, elevated, enchase, end, end of life, ending, engrave, enroll, enscroll, enter, etch, eternal rest, excruciating, execrable, exhaustive, exit, expiration, extinction, extinguishment, fatal, fateful, fell, file, fill out, final summons, finger of death, flagrant, footstone, formal, formidable, foul, found, frowning, full, fulsome, funebrial, funereal, furrow, gloomy, gnawing, going, going off, grand, gravestone, gray, great, grievous, grim, grim-faced, grim-visaged, griping, groove, gross, hammer, hand of death, hard, harrowing, harsh, hatch, headstone, heavy, heinous, hoarstone, hollow, horrible, house of death, hurtful, hurting, impanel, important, imposing, impress, imprint, incise, inculcate, index, infix, inscribe, inscription, insculpture, insert, inspiring, instill, intense, irresistible, jaws of death, jot down, killing, kingly, knell, last debt, last home, last muster, last rest, last roundup, last sleep, leaving life, line, list, lithograph, little, lofty, log, long home, long-faced, lordly, loss of life, low, low green tent, low house, low-down, low-pitched, lumpen, magisterial, main, majestic, major, make a memorandum, make a note, make an entry, make out, make prints, making an end, mangy, mark, mark down, marker, mastaba, matriculate, mausoleum, mean, measly, megalith, memento, memorial, memorial arch, memorial column, memorial statue, memorial stone, menhir, mighty, minute, miserable, model, moderate, mold, monolith, monstrance, monstrous, monument, mound, moving, mummy chamber, murderous, narrow house, necrology, nefarious, nigrescent, no-nonsense, noble, note, note down, obelisk, obituary, obnoxious, odious, ossuarium, ossuary, painful, paltry, paroxysmal, parting, passage grave, passing, passing away, passing over, perilous, perishing, petty, piercing, pillar, pit, pivotal, place upon record, plaque, plenary, poignant, poky, poll, ponderous, poor, portentous, post, post up, pound, powerful, pressing, princely, print, prize, pungent, put down, put in writing, put on paper, put on tape, pyramid, queenly, quietus, racking, rank, record, reduce to writing, regal, register, release, reliquary, remembrance, reptilian, rest, resting place, reward, ribbon, rostral column, royal, sad, saturnine, scabby, score, scrape, scratch, scrubby, scruffy, sculp, sculpt, sculpture, scummy, scurvy, sedate, sentence of death, sepulcher, sepulchral, sepulture, serious, set down, severe, shabby, shades of death, shadow of death, shaft, shaft grave, sharp, shoddy, shooting, shrine, sleep, small, sober, sober-minded, sobersided, solder, solemn, somatic death, somber, sombrous, spasmatic, spasmic, spasmodic, squalid, stabbing, staid, stamp, stately, statuesque, stela, stinging, stipple, stone, stone-faced, straight-faced, strong, stupa, sublime, summons of death, swart, swarthy, tablet, tabulate, take down, tape, tape-record, temperate, terrible, testimonial, thoughtful, tomb, tombstone, tool, tope, tormenting, torturous, total, tower of silence, triste, trophy, tumulus, ugly, unmentionable, unsmiling, urgent, vault, venerable, videotape, vile, vital, weariful, wearisome, weary, weighty, weld, worthy, wretched, write, write down, write in, write out, write up
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